Phuc Kien Assembly Hall is one of the notable architectural landmarks in the ancient town of Hoi An. With its unique Chinese design, this place has attracted numerous visitors for sightseeing and exploration. Let’s explore this destination together through this article.

Where is Phuc Kien Assembly Hall located?

  • Address: 46 Tran Phu, Cam Chau, Hoi An, Quang Nam.

Phuc Kien Assembly Hall is situated on Tran Phu Street in the ancient town of Hoi An. Its central location in the old town makes it very convenient for visitors to explore. From the pedestrian street, if you continue straight, you will see the large gate of the assembly hall.

Surrounding the hall are craft villages and the riverfront activities of the local people. This place is a historical relic left by the three Vietnamese, Chinese, and Japanese communities.

The history of Phuc Kien Assembly Hall’s formation

According to historical records, in 1649, in China, the Qing dynasty overthrew the Ming dynasty and established the Qing dynasty. Many military leaders of the Ming dynasty refused to surrender and rebelled, but their efforts were unsuccessful. Some of them, along with their families, boarded ships and sailed to Southeast Asia, including Hoi An.

These Ming military leaders sought permission from Lord Nguyen to settle in Hoi An and established the village of Minh Huong. The Chinese community lived together and established assembly halls to support one another.

Over time, additional structures were built within the assembly hall complex to worship the Holy Mother Thien Hau and other protective deities. Through multiple renovations and repairs over the years, Phuc Kien Assembly Hall has become increasingly magnificent and has contributed to the beauty of Hoi An’s ancient town.

The Unique Architecture Of Phuc Kien Assembly Hall

The Tam Quan Gate of the Assembly Hall

The Tam Quan Gate is one of the remarkable features when mentioning Phuc Kien Assembly Hall. The gate was renovated in 1975 and is entirely decorated with porcelain, topped with a curved tiled roof.

The gate has three entrances in the “Nam Ta, Nu Huu” style, which also represents “Heaven, Earth, Human.” The central door is rarely opened, only on major holidays, funerals, or weddings. According to ancient beliefs, opening the central gate would bring in negative energy.

The Main Hall of Phuc Kien Assembly Hall

Upon entering the Tam Quan Gate to visit the Assembly Hall, you will notice a spacious courtyard with a delicately carved dragon fountain and giant sculptures. Take slow steps and appreciate the historical murals depicting the history of the Phuc Kien region, admire the intricately carved patterns on the porcelain vases within the hall’s premises. You will be amazed by the exquisite details, elaborate designs, and unique ancient architectural style.

Inside the main hall is where the worship of Lady Thien Hau and other guardian deities of the water, wealth, offspring, ancestors takes place. It is also a gathering place for the Phuc Kien community to support and assist each other.

The Back Altar

Inside the back altar, visitors often light large incense coils to pray for good health and fortune for their families and loved ones. These incense coils can burn for over 30 days, and if they go out, the people in the Assembly Hall will relight them.

Those who come here to worship often write their family’s information on a piece of paper placed on the incense coils, hoping for a smooth and prosperous life. After the incense burns out, the people in the Assembly Hall will burn these papers. It is through this act that the wishes become sacred and meaningful.

Religious Activities at Phuc Kien Assembly Hall

Phuc Kien Assembly Hall has numerous sacred stories that are widely circulated among the people, so any residents of Hoi An or visitors who desire blessings in life or wish for prosperity for their children come here to light incense, make offerings, and seek blessings.

The Assembly Hall is most crowded on festive and lunar calendar days. Every year, on specific dates such as the 15th day of the first lunar month (Nguyen Tieu), the 16th day of the second lunar month (Via Luc Tanh), the 23rd day of the third lunar month (Via Thien Hau), and so on, numerous festival activities take place, attracting both domestic and foreign tourists to participate.

In particular, on the 2nd day of the second lunar month, the Chinese community in Hoi An also organizes a ceremony to worship the God of Wealth with various offerings such as gold, silver, paper money, alcohol, and “tam sen” (boiled crab, boiled eggs, and boiled pork).

Notes to know when visiting Phuc Kien Assembly Hall:

Phuc Kien Assembly Hall is a spiritual place, so when you come here, please dress modestly and avoid talking loudly to maintain the sacred atmosphere in the temple.

If you are concerned about getting tired or do not want to walk too much, you can rent a bicycle or a cyclo to reach the Tam Quan gate and then walk in.

During festivals, there are usually many tourists, so be cautious, take care of your belongings, and avoid pickpocketing incidents.

Inside the assembly hall, there are large incense coils and ritual items available for you to offer to the altars, so you don’t need to bring items from outside.

Phuc Kien Assembly Hall in Hoi An impresses not only with its fascinating historical stories but also leaves visitors in awe with its unique architecture in the heart of Hoi An. If you have the opportunity to visit the ancient town, don’t forget to include Phuc Kien Assembly Hall in your itinerary.